Books and Volumes
Montreal, Kingston, London, Chicago: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2019
"A serious-minded and sophisticated treatment of a controversial and significant subject."
Richard English, Queen's University Belfast and author of Does Terrorism Work?: A History
"Violence and Militants is an insightful analysis focused on a key question: How do violent organizations and groups justify their use of violence in different times and places? In this empirically rich study Baris Cayli explores how structural and cultural violence operate in premodern and contemporary social contexts. Homing in on the behaviour of rebels and state authorities in the Ottoman world as well as violent organizations of today, this book offers a novel interpretation of the social processes involved in the rationalization and use of violence.”
Siniša Maleševic, University College Dublin and author of The Rise of Organised Brutality: A Historical Sociology of Violence
"Violence and Militants offers the reader an exciting journey to uncover the ravages of catastrophe."
Jeffrey Ian Ross, University of Baltimore and author of Political Terrorism: An Interdisciplinary Approach
"Cayli’s analytical, comparative, and moderate approach invites readers to engage in an intellectual dialogue over group manifestations of violence, rationalized in the name of ideological goals. The points raised are thought-provoking - not entertainment or distraction. Questions asked as well as answered generate new inquiries and new insights.”
A. Ezel Kural Shaw, co-author of The History of Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey
Finalist of Montaigne Medal by Eric Hoffer Award Committee
Reviewed by: Canadian Journal of Political Science, Kirkus Reviews, US Reviews, San Francisco Book Reviews.
Anthropological Notebooks (In Press)
Cultural activities in a social setting offer us a common ground to conceive complex power dynamics. Culture has been a place of escape throughout history for dissident people who were oppressed and marginalized by a social system that created injustice for them. The cultural anthropology of protest against the perceived injustice exposes powerful actors who create injustice and uncovers how people demonstrate their reactions to injustice through different instruments in the cultural spectrum. The types of injustice and furious reaction to it can be found in films, caricatures, mimics, symbols, architecture, walking, photographs, and other cultural venues and materials enabling the protest. The identification of agencies producing injustice from the point view of vulnerable people clarifies the dilemmas of a formidable confrontation in a contested social place. The articles in this special issue show that this confrontation also needs to be revisited by centralising people who are subject to injustice which shapes different cultural forms at the same time. The cultural forms examined in this special issue indicate that the powerful authorities are not indestructible, and the layers of resistance delineate the roots of injustice and complex patterns of social transformation.
Journal of Historical Sociology (Forthcoming)
Bandits, brigands, and militants have been popular and disputable figures in world history. States outlawed these formidable men and women through pejorative words and legal measures while many state authorities also used them for their political ends from time to time. Some outlaws became admired authorities in their own villages and towns whereas in other places their heroism was equivalent to oppression. Their brutal killing by their nemesis did not prevent their existence in the ballads and literature. Both positive and negative aspirations about bandits, brigands, and militants have shaped their multi-layered identities in society throughout history. These unyielding figures invoke a number of concepts such as hope and fear; injustice and dissent; resistance and power, wherever they flourish. I argue that studying outlaws offers us a unique epistemological position to advance our knowledge in sociological theory by rethinking outlaws in the conundrum of societal dilemmas. Many outlaw figures in historical sociology and their engagement with multiple actors rendered outlaws transformative actors of social change. They became the messengers of people by articulating their demands and making their dissent visible in the public space.
Urban History (Forthcoming)
Mafia organisations engaged illegal activities, destroyed the urban environment, dominated the construction sector, and extorted money from shopkeepers. This formidable amalgam of urban crimes created by different mafia groups across the world plundered different cities dramatically, changed architectural landscape, increased inequality gap, threatened powerless groups, violated fundamental human rights, and fostered a culture of lawlessness. We cannot think of the mafia independent from other factors such as rapid urbanisation, globalising capitalism, corruption, and limited social mobility of people living in the peripheries of cities. Providing a number of cases in the urban history of mafia expansion, I contend that all these factors enabled mafia organisations to sack cities and shape severely everyday life of people who are subject to different types of injustice. This study demonstrates that the sack of cities by different mafia groups reveals the enormous network of state and non-state forces in which we can expose the complexity of political-criminal nexus and uncover the strategically connected hidden social networks by following the activities and contacts of mafia groups in cities.
LIVING ON THE MARGINS OF SOCIETY (Editor, 2021)
Histoire Sociale / Social History (Forthcoming)
The marginalization of people has been a reference point in social history studies to unveil the exclusion of groups, their categorization, and the grim consequences of this process. Criminalization, outlawing, and resistance against state violence have echoed throughout history in different parts of the world as the reasons and outcomes of living on the margins of society. Yet the stories of those people have not been completely explored in different time periods and social geographies. Examining memoires, consulting archival sources, and comparing cases, this study treats the experiences of those who lived on the margins of society both as a conceptual tool and a focal point to theorise power relationship and interdependencies. The sociological approach employed in this study stimulates the theorisation of "the unwanted and the excluded" by the more powerful authority and uncovers the process explaining how those people were pushed to the margins of society. This theorization offers us new paths to question the power hierarchies in social history both ontologically and epistemologically.