Baris Cayli. Violence and Militants: From Ottoman Rebellions to Jihadist Organizations. (Montreal, Kingston, London, Chicago: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2019)
Reviewed by: Canadian Journal of Political Science, Kirkus Reviews, US Reviews, San Fransisco Book Reviews.

The first comprehensive analysis of the use of violence by militant groups across time and space

How do militants rationalize violence and what are their motives? How do time and space shape their destiny?In Violence and Militants Baris Cayli explores these enduring questions by comparing violent episodes in towns and villages in the nineteenth-century Ottoman Balkans with today's zones of conflict from Afghanistan to the Middle East.

Placing history alongside the troubles of the present, Violence and Militants reveals parallels between Christian militants who rebelled against the Ottoman Empire and four jihadist organizations of today: Hezbollah, Hamas, al-Qaeda, and Isis. Drawing on scholarship by political theorists, historians, sociologists, anthropologists, and philosophers, Cayli traces the root of dissent to a perceived deprivation that leads to aggressive protest and action. He argues that the rationalization of violence functions independently of time and geographical location. Through a riveting narrative, this book uncovers how militant groups use revenge, ideals, and confrontation to generate fear and terror in the name of justice. 

Breaking new ground, Violence and Militants is the first book to address this complex relationship across different periods of history.


Baris Cayli Messina (Guest Editor) (2020) "The Cultural Anthropology of Protest against the Perceived Injustice" Anthropological Notebooks  (Forthcoming)
Baris Cayli Messina (Guest Editor) (2021) "Bandits, Brigands, and Militants: The Historical Sociology of Outlaws" Journal of Historical Sociology  (Forthcoming)
Baris Cayli Messina (Guest Editor) (2021) "Mafia and the Sack of Cities: The Urban History of Criminalisation and Social Decay" Urban History (Forthcoming)
Baris Cayli Messina (Guest Editor) (2021) "Living on the Margins of Society" Histoire Sociale / Social History (Forthcoming)